a lot of photos of the 3-legged stool assembly

the 3-legged/footed stool is done.

assembled

here’s some of how it went. I do the joinery in two halves. Here, the leg is propped in the “joiners’ saddles” (V-blocks) to hold it steady. Line up the centerline on the end grain with a square, and then fire away. Because the stretchers are at three different heights, you need to keep track of which one’s which. I tend to make the front stretcher the lowest one. the other two don’t matter which is which. Align the bit against the square propped on the bench.

boring

My half-inch mortise chisel is packed away somewhere. I had to use this short firmer chisel. Makes it harder to steer, and can’t whack it as hard. I chop half-way, then turn the leg over & come in from the other side.

chisel

test-fit the rectangular tenons.

test fit

Sub-assemblies, ready for the next holes to be bored through the rectangular tenons. 
threes

I drew the seat plan full-scale on a piece of cardboard, then copied the angles from that. Set the adjustable bevel and tilt the inserted rail so that where I’m boring is plumb. Then go.

bore plumb

Same idea, different setup with the bevel.

bore plumb 2

beveling under the seat. Like a joiner’s beveled panel, feathered down to fit the grooves in the seat rails.

bevel seat
seat

the front seat rail & stretcher have spindles between them. Knock this together, then insert one rectangular tenon into each post/leg.

sub assembly 2

Keep in mind the rectangular tenon is a through tenon, the stretcher is not. So the seat rail enters the post ahead of the stretcher. Here’s the front section on the saddles, don’t want the rectangular tenon to bump into the bench top.

v blocks

Here, catching the stretcher tenon before the seat rails get too far ahead. Gotta keep things open enough to install the seat. 
starting final assembly

I once was putting one of these together in front of a crowd, pounding away on the joinery, when my friend Ted leaned over & said “you forgot the seat!” Not this time…

tip seat in

Knock it together.

knock it together

 

2 thoughts on “a lot of photos of the 3-legged stool assembly

  1. This assembly always made me strain to understand how the three joints go together. All at the same time, I guess. Why vertical spindles on only one side? The best example I ever saw was one of the chairs in the 2007 American Furniture article, tight as a drum after 300 years, even had a little groove on the posts where the seat could fit, because it was so tight.

  2. Hi, i was looking at our art history book and spotted two stools quite similar to the ones you have made and thought it was worth sharing. They are in a 1559 painting by dutch painter Pieter Brueghel the Elder, the painting is called Netherlandish Proverbs and there are many other interesting details (the stools are at the left).
    Also wanted thank you Peter for your blog, its great inspiration and i’m always waiting to read the next post!

    Benjamin

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